|NATURAL STONE SPECIFICATIONS:
• All stone
is pre-inspected for shade. Customers must be forewarned that we will
not accept any claims or returns due to shade or veining. This is a
natural product and variation is both unavoidable and desirable. The
natural stone tiles should never be hand selected to better match.
Shade variation is a 3 on our 1-4 scale, there is distinct variation in
the background color.
• Stone is rectified and
honed leaving a surface that is even but can be slippery in the
presence of moisture. Coefficient of friction varies widely from piece
• Stone is suitable for
residential and light commercial installations.
• Stone is soft. It chips
easily and wears easily. High traffic areas will show evidence of wear,
although the color naturally goes all the way through the tile.
• Stone must be sealed
regularly to prevent staining, especially in wet areas. We will not
recommend a particular sealer. This is up to the installer.
• Standard field tiles
can be installed with or without a grout joint.
• Modular patterns should
be installed without a grout joint.
To insure your natural stone products will provide you with a lifetime
of aesthetics and utility, proper maintenance is crucial. Natural Stone
products are porous by nature and require a different maintenance
program than traditional ceramic tile.
Sealing is strongly recommended for newly installed marble and other
natural stone to provide maximum below surface stain protection. Be
careful to select a high quality sealer to protect your natural
A non-sanded grout is strongly recommended for natural stone
installations due to the narrow grout joints customarily preferred.
This type of grout has very fine particles of cement, polymers, and
color pigments that can penetrate the microscopic pores of the stone
surface where they become trapped and appear as a stain in the stone.
Therefore, all travertine, slate, tumbled stone, and
honed/flamed/unpolished granite should be sealed prior to the grouting
process to protect them from staining. The application of a good
quality sealer should be used as a pre-grout sealer and applied again
as the final sealing process once the installation is
A premium natural look penetrating/impregnating sealer is the normal
choice on polished or honed marble, limestone, granite, or where the
natural color of a slate is desired. A stone enhancer sealer is often
used on tumbled, antique stones, or on slate where a darker, enriched
or highlighted character is desired. When choosing either one of these
two types of sealers, make sure the brand you have chosen is formulated
to provide maximum stain protection for stone products. Stone products
should be tested periodically to insure that the sealer is working
Penetrating/impregnating stone sealers are a no-sheen, natural look
sealer that can be water-based or solvent-based, good for interior and
exterior applications. Most quality sealers of this type are rated to
protect the stone a minimum of 10 years.
Stone enhancer sealers are also a no-sheen, penetrating/impregnating
sealer that is formulated to darken, enrich, and highlight the natural
color and beauty of tumbled, antique, or slate products. They will
rejuvenate and improve the appearance of worn and weathered stone.
However, they will also darken the color of grout joints. They are,
generally, suitable for interior and exterior use, and rated to protect
the stone a minimum of 3 years.
A stone floor finish should be applied to a polished natural stone
floor only. This type of product will help enhance the shine and
provide a protective coating for "soft" or polished marbles. Verify the
finish is a wax-type finish designed to add luster and enhance the
beauty of sealed and polished natural stone only. A topical finish may
change the appearance and performance of your stone, so always test a
small area first. Application of topical sealer or wax should never be
done as an attempt to add a shine to a honed, scratched, or
non-polished stone product. This will only create a maintenance and/or
slip resistance problem. Consult the manufacturer of any
surface-altering products for more detailed information about the
impact of its specific product on safety, maintenance, or appearance of
Natural stone requires a different maintenance routine than
traditional, man-made ceramic tile. Many of the cleaners acceptable for
use on ceramic tile can stain, damage, or dull stone. Dirt and dust
will scratch the surface of stone. Therefore, stone floors should be
vacuumed or dust mopped frequently to remove abrasive agents from the
stone surface. Natural stone should be cleaned with neutral cleaners.
Stone cleaners should never contain acid or bleach. Acids, even a light
solution of vinegar and water, will etch and eventually damage natural
(Stone care products only use cleaners specifically designed for
stone.) These cleaners contain no acids and are concentrated neutral pH
cleaners that will not affect existing sealers or wax-type coatings. A
solution of the cleaner and water mixed to manufacturer instructions
should be applied to the tile surface with a sponge or mop. On walls,
kitchen counters, or vanity tops, a spray bottle can be used to apply
the cleaning solution. Allow sitting for manufacturers specified amount
of time (usually 3 to 5 minutes). Agitate with a sponge, synthetic mop,
soft bristle brush, or through the use of a floor-scrubbing machine.
Mop up dirty solution and buff dry.
Once the stone has been cleaned, you can periodically apply a
Spray-Buff wax-type floor finish to enhance the beauty and luster of
polished stone (including countertops). Apply the finish with spray
applicator and buff immediately with a white nylon pad. Reapply as
often as needed, depending on volume of surface traffic and consistency
of routine maintenance program. This product is not designed to restore
the original shine, but is intended to maintain and protect the
DUTY STONE CLEANING
When stone areas have been neglected, you will need to use a heavy-duty
stone cleaner and degreaser to effectively remove dirt, grease, grime,
waxes, and floor finishes. These cleaning products are concentrated and
designed to deep clean the stone without damaging it.
Apply the solution of the cleaner and water mix per manufacturer
instructions to the stone surface with a sponge or mop. Allow to stand
for manufacturer-specified amount of time. Agitate with a sponge,
synthetic mop, soft bristle brush, or through the use of a
floor-scrubbing machine. Mop up dirty solution and buff dry. Be sure to
change out the cleaning solution every 100 square feet to avoid
reintroducing dirty water during the cleaning process. Rinse thoroughly
with clean water when finished. After cleaning you may apply the
Spray-Buff wax-type floor finish to enhance the natural shine.
Stone Poultice will remove stains and grout haze from stone. Poultice
is a fine, non-acidic, absorptive clay cleaning powder that removes
deep-set oil stains, grease and light cementious grout haze from
polished and unpolished natural stone. CAUTION: Poultice may dull the
shine of the polished stone. If this occurs you will need to use a
marble polish to restore the natural shine.
If a polished marble has become dull, scratched or etched, you can
restore the natural shine through the use of a marble polish. Some
marble polishes are available in kits. The process can be enhanced with
the use of floor buffing machines. The process is generally a
re-crystallization process to remove fine scratches and restore the
original shine and polish to the stone. This is not an application of a
topical sealer or wax to cover-up damaged or worn surfaces.
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